Facial lasers in cosmetology. Types, photos before and after the application, reviews

In cosmetology, lasers are widely used for a variety of purposes: from superficial exfoliation of facial skin to deep peels, from lifting procedures to removing scars, correcting skin pigmentation disorders and treating vascular pathologies.

What lasers are used in cosmetology. Their principle of action

Facial lasers in cosmetology are used for non-surgical facial lifting and removal of skin blemishes. For this procedure, a laser device is used, the purpose of which is to affect the cells of the epidermis with the help of a directed thin beam of induced radiation of a certain light range.

Depending on the purpose of the procedure and the client's skin type, the beautician chooses a continuous laser or a pulsed laser.

The general principle of its work is that light only affects substances capable of absorbing it. Chromophores are responsible for the absorption of light waves in the skin tissue - biological objects that are contained in the epidermis and differ in the spectrum of light absorption.

What facial procedures are performed with a laser device? Indication

The important characteristics of medical lasers are the length and strength of the light waves and the type of working medium that produces the photon flux, as well as the indications for use.

Laser skin rejuvenation procedure

In this regard, lasers used in cosmetology are divided into several groups:

Laser name Type of work environment Wavelength chromophore Promise
CO2 (carbon dioxide) Gas (a mixture of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium) 10600 nm water Radical rejuvenation of the skin, removal of neoplasms (papilomas, xanthomas and others), scars and scars, stretch marks.
Neodymium Nd Solid state 1064 nm Melanin, hemoglobin Photorejuvenation, laser hair removal, treatment of vascular disease.
Erbium Er Solid state 2940 nm water Skin resurfacing, laser photorejuvenation of the face, removal of benign formations.
Ruby Solid state 694 nm Melanin and dark blue spots Laser hair removal, removal of pigmented lesions and tattoos.
green Gas (in copper vapor) 520-532 nm Melanin Treatment of age spots on the face, freckles, vascular tissue, tumors, hemangiomas, port wine stains, benign formations on the skin and mucous membranes.
Yellow Gas 577 nm Hemoglobin Treatment of vascular patterns of various sizes and depths, rosacea and vascular moles.
Tulivy Solid state 1940-1470 nm water Smooth surgical cutting with clotting of blood vessels.
photon Solid state water Skin rejuvenation at all levels (superficial, deep, fractional), facelift, superficial cold peel, hot laser peel, scar tissue resurfacing, neoplasm removal, acne treatment, post-acne.
Alexandrite Solid state 755 nm Melanin, dark pigmentation Different color tattoo removal.
Sapphire diode 700-1100 nm Melanin, hemoglobin Laser hair removal, facial photorejuvenation, varicose veins treatment.
Dye lasers Liquid (organic compound with intense color in a liquid medium) 322-1260 nm hemoglobin, melanin Treatment of vascular diseases, seborrheic keratosis, nevi, freckles, lentigines, hemangiomas, port wine and birthmarks, traumatic and hypertrophic scars.
Excimer Gas (mixture of xenon, krypton, argon) 190-308 nm Melanin, hemoglobin Treatment of vitiligo with severe re-pigmentation and chronic psoriasis.
fractions Gas (a mixture of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium) 10600 nm water Removal of wrinkles of any depth, keloid scars, scars and growths, treatment of fungal skin diseases.

Laser light has unique characteristics and is able to penetrate into various depths of the skin. When choosing a device, the task of the cosmetologist is to determine the type of skin of the patient and determine the purpose of the cosmetic procedure.

Advantages and disadvantages of laser exposure on facial skin

Facial lasers in cosmetology and the large wavelength range of light beams are used for a variety of purposes. First of all, the device began to be used to renew skin regeneration, activate metabolic processes for the formation of new fibroblasts, which contribute to the production of collagen and elastin.

Today, many cosmetology clinics offer services for facial skin hardware rejuvenation, unwanted hair removal, vascular tissue treatment, neoplasm removal, scars, and age spots.

Advantages of using lasers in aesthetic medicine:

  • An alternative to plastic surgery is non-surgical treatment without a long rehabilitation period.
  • Lack of serious preparation before the procedure.
  • Stimulates the natural process of new cell formation through the synthesis of collagen and elastin in the skin.
  • The procedure is painless, in rare cases, local anesthesia is required with special gels and lotions.
  • Short term to get visible results (no more than 5-7 days).

Disadvantages of laser rejuvenation procedures:

  • During the first 5 days, the skin remains dry and requires the application of a moisturizer throughout the day, preferably one containing hyaluronic acid.
  • The cost of the procedure is an order of magnitude higher compared to other rejuvenation methods.
  • The presence of burns, wounds of various origins is a contraindication to the immediate procedure.

At what age is a laser procedure recommended?

In adolescence, aged 12-14 years, children experience an intense period of puberty, which is accompanied by the growth of hair in the intimate area, on the face and armpits.

Despite the fact that there are no registered research results on the harm of laser radiation to a growing child's body, pediatricians still do not recommend carrying out procedures using a laser until the age of 18. As a rule, at this age, sexual development ends and the hormonal background stabilizes.

Contraindications

Lasers for the face in cosmetology belong to the innovative technologies of modern medicine. Despite the fact that the epidermis is maximally protected, and the risk of side effects is minimal, the following contraindications to the use of laser exposure should be considered.

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  • Autoimmune disorders in the form of systemic diseases of the connective tissue, namely the skin: scleroderma, lupus erythematosus and others.
  • Malignant formations of various origins and localizations, as well as precancerous conditions.
  • Diabetes mellitus type I and II, where the nerves and skin become more vulnerable and sensitive.
  • Epilepsy can theoretically cause nervous tension and, as a result, cause seizures.
  • Active tuberculosis process caused by mycobacterial infection.
  • During pregnancy and lactation, laser procedures should be avoided due to pain (in case of a low pain threshold), fear, stress, which carry negative consequences.
  • Laser procedures are contraindicated during pregnancy.
  • Herpes virus infections and chronic infectious diseases due to weakened immunity.
  • Blood diseases are contraindicated, although there are no reliable data on pathological changes in the hematopoietic and cardiovascular systems during laser use.
  • Age under 18 years.

Laser treatment should be carried out in a specialized clinic under the supervision of a qualified beautician or dermatologist. In this case, the risk of complications in the form of tissue overheating, burns or fibrosis due to improper use of laser equipment is excluded.

Side effects

Laser treatment is aimed at improving the appearance of the face and body with the help of light energy, which contributes to the destruction of old cells in damaged areas of the skin. Despite the fact that in cosmetology this procedure has proven itself on the positive side and is useful for many, you should pay attention to the possible side effects.

That is:

  • Itchy, redness and slight swelling due to the individual reaction of the skin and its excessive sensitivity.
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation- darkening of the treated skin area due to the inflammatory process - depending on the natural color of the skin or the presence of a "fresh" sunburn.
  • Rash, eczema, herpes manifestation manifestasiin people prone to this reaction. Before the procedure, you must inform the doctor in advance.
  • Edemaand pus due to bacterial infection when the affected area is exposed to mechanical friction and scratching.
  • Burnsoft tissue and scars if the beautician chooses the wrong type of laser.
Burning on the face after laser exposure

The exact same laser procedure for some people becomes a real savior from wrinkles, age spots and acne, while others may experience side effects due to the individual characteristics of the body.

How are facial laser therapy sessions performed?

Procedures using a laser beam are included in hardware cosmetology, so they are practically painless and do not require local anesthesia. Session time depends on the purpose of exposure, the area of \u200b\u200bthe damaged area, but, as a rule, it is 30-60 minutes.

Before the procedure, the doctor cleans the face, removes the remnants of makeup, and applies an antiseptic. Clients and doctors protect their eyes with special glasses. After the procedure, a soothing cream with a disinfectant composition and a cream with a sunscreen filter is applied to the skin.

Laser facial rejuvenation

Light rays affect the deep layers of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Experienced doctors choose devices with a specific active environment and with a wavelength that can specifically target problem areas of the skin. As a result of the rejuvenating procedure, the inhibited processes of collagen and elastin production are activated.

Laser skin rejuvenation

It helps delay the skin aging process, improves skin tone, blood circulation, and evens out skin relief. For facial rejuvenation, neodymium and erbium laser devices are mainly used, which give a positive effect immediately after the procedure and are used in sensitive areas around the eyes and mouth.

Laser treatment for acne, post-acne, scars and scars

One of the most effective laser devices for acne and post-acne treatment is the Photon laser, which acts directly on acne in its acute stage and removes redness of inflamed skin areas. Impulse flashes increase collagen production, leading to nighttime skin removal and smoothing of scars.

After a series of such procedures, the skin becomes smooth and clean, due to which sebum production is reduced, and the risk of inflammatory processes is minimized.

Laser tattoo and age spots removal

In the fight against freckles and age spots, it is best to use ruby, alexandrite and neodymium lasers. The device is capable of generating energy in super-short bursts of one billionth of a second.

The lightning effect on the skin provides a painless and safe procedure. Meanwhile, the waves destroy the pigment particles.

Laser hair removal Laser

To shave off unwanted facial hair, clinics often use an innovative laser diode device that creates a flash of light that penetrates directly into the hair follicle. Melanin in the follicle absorbs energy, which is converted into heat and destroys the hair growth zone. So, after exposure, the hair falls out and does not grow back.

For a better glide of the device, the beautician applies a small amount of conducting gel. After the procedure, it is possible to apply a tissue regeneration stimulant to reduce primary redness.

How painful is the procedure?

After selecting the type of laser device, the doctor must inform the client about possible sensations and rehabilitation times. For the treatment of skin from sunburn, scars, red moles, fresh stretch marks, hematomas, post-acne, tattoo removal, the ID card laser is most often used, where the dye, potassium titanyl phosphate crystals, acts as the active medium .

During the application of this laser, the client feels a light cold blow to the skin and then a tingling sensation.In this case, pain relief is not required. Slight redness and swelling may go away after 2-3 days. Lasers for removing pigmentation and tattoos of all colors work directly on the skin, so the skin doesn't have time to react to heat.

But still, the feeling is that they are pulling the gum and hitting the skin. In case of low pain threshold, anesthetic cream is required. After the procedure, a crust forms, which peels off after 7 days.

Laser tattoo removal

Fraxel lasers of the latest generation Fraxel, CO2, erbium lasers are used to treat deep wrinkles, obvious signs of skin aging, and obvious scars. Prior to the procedure, the client is asked to take a sedative, an anesthetic is applied to the skin or an anesthetic injection is given. As a result of the procedure, the skin burns, but the healing phase is painless and lasts about 7 days.

Skin care after treatment

Facial skin recovery after laser treatment takes time and additional care.

In the first 2 weeks after exposure, it is necessary to:

  • comply with hygiene rulesTo avoid infection: cleanse the skin with a mild product for sensitive skin, such as micellar gel or water, followed by an alcohol-free tonic;
  • apply moisturizer, soothing cosmetics: it is necessary to use a moisturizing serum in the amount of 1-2 drops, then a moisturizing cream or liquid and at the final stage - a soothing emulsion;
  • Apply antioxidant serumto speed up the recovery process, which contains vitamins C, E, ferulic acid;
  • protect skin from direct sunlight: Before going out, even in winter, apply SPF sunscreen to your skin.

Adherence to these simple rules for caring for facial skin after laser treatment will provide a speedy recovery, protect against the appearance of age spots and side effects.

Efficiency

Lasers for the face in cosmetology have won a solid place among the methods of equipment medicine. It has become a clear alternative to traumatic plastic surgery with a long rehabilitation period and a risk of severe complications.

The first results in skin rejuvenation as a result of resurfacing with an erbium laser are seen after 1 procedure within a few hours, although the skin regeneration process can take 2 weeks. The results last for 2 years. The duration of the laser manipulation course is determined by the cosmetologist, depending on the client's problems.

For rejuvenation with minor defects, 1 procedure is enough. For the treatment of severe defects, 4-6 procedures in 6 weeks are required. When removing age spots on the face, sunburn, freckles, age spots-lentigo, the first results can be observed after 2-3 procedures. The rehabilitation period and the possibility of reappearance of the disability are practically non-existent.

The alignment of microrelief and skin tone occurs due to the formation of new collagen and elastin fibers. For the treatment of defects, 2-4 procedures with an interval of 4 weeks are required. In general, the regeneration process continues after the procedure and reaches its maximum effect after 3 months. Laser procedures are not recommended for children and adolescents under 18 years of age.

Possible unintended consequences

In order to avoid unwanted consequences after using the laser, you should strictly follow the recommendations of a particular doctor and follow the general rules.

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  • avoid sunburn for 2 weeks before and 2 weeks after laser exposure;
  • avoid visiting saunas, swimming pools for 2 weeks after treatment;
  • do not take antipyretics and pain relievers for 1 week before and after treatment;
  • do not apply self-tanning products to the skin 1 month before laser exposure;
  • apply a cream with an SPF filter.

In case of violation of the recommendations, undesirable consequences can occur in the form of hyperpigmentation, redness and edema.

Do you need repeated sessions and courses of procedures?

Rejuvenation with the help of a carbon dioxide laser, in which the epidermal tissue is affected at a depth of 6-7 mm, is carried out no more than once a year. The erbium laser rejuvenation procedure, when the depth of exposure of the epidermis can be adjusted, can be carried out once a year or after 2 years according to individual parameters.

The diode laser is less aggressive than the two lasers described above, because the light penetrates the integument without damaging the epidermis. Repeat courses can be taken after 2 years if necessary. The neodymium laser gently affects the superficial and middle layers of the skin, but the effects of the rejuvenating procedure last for 5-6 years.

Where is it safe to undergo cosmetic procedures for the face?

Performing any procedure using a laser device is possible only in a clinic where all sanitary and epidemiological requirements for such manipulations are observed. The clinic must have a qualified esthetician or dermatologist.

A doctor who has completed a special training course, confirmed by a certificate, selects a suitable laser device with the right wavelength and active medium in such a way that the patient's problems are solved in the most effective and less traumatic way.

In addition, the clinic performs a number of procedures per day and there is confidence that the doctor has extensive experience and will not make mistakes.

Cosmetologist selects laser device for patient

Many clinics provide a guarantee for their services and, if the desired result is not achieved, refund the full cost of the procedure.

Prices for laser make-up services

Laser procedures have firmly won their place among the leading fields of aesthetic medicine and cosmetology. Prices for laser cosmetology services depend on the purpose of the procedure, the area of the area being treated, and the region of the country.

The main advantage of using laser facial treatments in cosmetology is that it achieves a noticeable effect of healthy, glowing and smooth skin. With the help of non-surgical methods, it is possible to achieve significant results with minimal risk of adverse reactions and a long recovery period.